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LINDLEY, James*
(1681-1726)
PARKE, Eleanor*
(1684-After 1741)
HADLEY, Simon*
(1675-1756)
MILLER, Ruth*
(1677-1750)
LINDLEY, Thomas*
(1706-1781)
HADLEY, Ruth*
(1712-1785)
LINDLEY, James, Capt.
(1735-1779)

 

Family Links

Spouses/Children:
COX, Mary

LINDLEY, James, Capt. 1012,1044,2037,2038

  • Born: 22 Nov 1735, London Grove, Chester County, Pennsylvania Colony 1044
  • Marriage: COX, Mary in Sep 1753 in Orange County, North Carolina, United States
  • Died: Apr 1779, Ninety-Six District, South Carolina, United States 2039
  • Buried: Historic Ninety-Six Jail Cemetery 2038
picture

bullet  Noted events in his life were:

1. Property, Cir 1753, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. 1061 James Lindley came to Orange County, N.C. by 1753-55 and had several land transactions. (OrangeCounty, N.C. Deeds.) An article by Lindley Butler
states he had 1170 acres in Granville Grants in Orange County (Now Chatham County) on Terrel's Creek. [Author cites Lindley Butler, "James Lindley," article from Laurens County Library, Laurens Co., S.C.]

2. Appearance in Document, Cir 1753, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. 1061 From 1753 to 1766 he is mentioned in the Orange county court minutes, and he was licensed to keep an ordinary in his home.

3. Appearance in Document, 26 Jun 1755, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. 1845 Jas Lindley (maybe this one) is a sworn chain carrier on a survey for Thomas Lindley.

4. Appearance in Document, Cir 1756. 1061 James Lindley, son of Thomas Lindley, (son of James Lindley and Eleanor Parke) and Ruth Hadley is named in the will of his grandfather, Simon Hadley.

5. Appearance in Document, May 1759, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. 2040 Deed from James Downing to George Allen for 100 acres of land, proved by affirmation of James Lindley (Quaker) (Orange Co Court Minutes, folio 21, p179).

6. Property, 18 Jul 1760, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. 2037 James Lindley [might not be this one] granted 330 acres in Orange County on the S side of Haw River and on both sides of Cane Creek, joining Lamberts corner, Howlets corner, and Lindleys line, signed James Lindly. Simon Lindley was one of the sworn chain carriers.

7. Property, 18 Jul 1760, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. According to a deed from David and Thomas Andrews to Wm Andrews, dated 22 Oct 1796 (Orange Co Deeds Vol 11, p153-4), James Lindley was granted land on 18 July 1760, 180 acres of which he subsequently deeded to Robert Andrew on 25 July 1766.

8. Property, 2 Aug 1760, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. 1012 James Lindley [might not be this one] granted 200 acres in Orange County on lick Branch (which is) the Waters of Terrell Creek, signed James Lindly, surveyed 16 Nov 1756.

9. Property, 8 Jan 1761, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. 1012 James Lindley [might not be this one] granted 640 acres in Orange County on both sides of Terrell Creek and (on) both sides and (at) the Mouth of lick Branch, joining both sides of the Bents of the sd Branch and the sd Creek, signed Jas Lindly, surveyed 7 Apr 1756.

10. Occupation, Feb 1761, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. 1856 James Linley granted license to keep Ordinary at his dwelling. (Orange Co Court Minutes, folio 46, p229).

11. Property, Cir 1767, South Carolina Colony. 1061 Deed Records in S.C. show James Lindley was in SC by 1767 when Peter Allen had 100 acres in Berkley County on a small branch of Reedy River, called the Reedy fork, bounded by vacant land. Survey cert. 9-367 granted 7-15 1768 Rec. 9-28-1768 James Lindley for the memorialist, Jno Caldwell, D.S. Butler states he acquired 200 acres in 1768 and another 200 in 1773. [Author cites Lindley Butler, "James Lindley," article from Laurens County Library, Laurens Co., S.C.]

12. Property, 28 Apr 1768, South Carolina Colony. 1061 On the 4-28-1768, Lindley was named as having land bounding W on Charles Quails received on a branch of Raybournes Creek which was also bounded by George Hollingsworth, S.E. on John Williams, w on JL granted 4-28-1768 Re. 9-30-1768, Ralph Humphrey-for the memoralist, Quit Rent begins in two years.

13. Story, Cir 1768, Ninety-Six District, South Carolina Colony. 2041 James Lindley settled on Raeburn's Creek, SC, by 1768 in the area that became the Ninety Six District. He was justice of the peace for several districts and a captain in the Upper Saluda regiment. He was at the seige of Ninety Six and was captured at the Great Cane Brake. Lyndley's Fort, the site of a skirmish on 15 July 1776 was apparently his home. He remained an active Loyalist until his capture at the battle of Kettle Creek in Georgia on 14 Feb 1779. Imprisoned in the Ninety Six jail, he was tried, convicted, and hanged in April, 1779. Raeburn's Creek is a tributary of Reedy River and is located in the present Laurens County, SC. (Gibbes, "Documentary History", I, 25-26, 250; "South Carolina Gazette", Charleston, SC, Feb 2, 1769, Jan 23, 1775; Claim of William Moore, sheriff of Ninety Six District, Revolutionary Records, Audited Accounts #5335)

14. Occupation: Justice of the Peace, 2 Dec 1768, Granville County, South Carolina Colony. 1061 On 2 Dec. 1768 James Lindley was commissioned a crown Justice-of -the-peace for Granville County, and until the Revolution, he held crown commissions for Craven county, Ninety-Six District, and the Cheraws district. The State General Assembly appointed him a justice for Ninety-Six District in 1776, but Butler states that considering his loyalist sympathies, it is unlikely that he served the revolutionary government. [Author cites Lindley Butler, "James Lindley," article from Laurens County Library, Laurens Co., S.C.]

15. Occupation: Justice of the Peace, 30 Apr 1769, Berkley County, South Carolina, United States. 1061 On the 21st August 1769 and rec. 1 May 1790, Jno. Box., planter sold Francis Moore, both of Berkley Co, SC, 150 acres in Berkley Co. Probate made by Magneese Good 30 April 1769 before James Lindly, one of his majesty's justices to keep the peace.

16. Property, 31 Jan 1772, South Carolina Colony. 1061 James Linley, Esqr purchased land "on a branch of Rabins Creek adj. land of John Turk" from Ralph Humphries. The land had been conveyed to Humphries by Robert Briggs, who had been granted the land 12 Sept 1768.

17. Property, 7 Sep 1772, South Carolina Colony. 1061 On 7&8 Sept 1772, James Lindley of Craven County, Esqr, and Mary, his wife, to John Williams merchant of same for 112 lbs. SC money land granted 12 Sept 1768 to Robert Briggs, on a branch of Rabins Creek adj. land of John Turk. Said Robert Briggs did convey to Ralph Humphries and said Ralph sold to James Linley, Esqr. 31 Jan. 1772. James Lindley(LS) MaryLindley (LS) Wit: Thos Cohune, Randal Hennesley, Rec. 15 Jan.1774.

18. Appearance in Document, 15 Sep 1775, Ninety-Six District, South Carolina Colony. 1061 James Lindley, Esq, J.P., Lewis Dutarque, and John Boyd, witnessed deed of Ralph Humphreys Surveyor of Craven Co., Province of S.C. to John Williams planter for 300 lbs 100 ac on Durbin's Creek originally granted 15 July 1768 to John Humphreys & conveyed to Ralph Humphreys bounded on John Boyd's land (Laurens Co Deeds).

Notice this land bounded John Boyd which was also the name of the Tory leader of the Battle of Kettle Creek.

19. Story. 2042 Captain in South Carolina militia before Declaration of Independence, supported Loyalists, died during war.

20. Story. 1061 Lindley was a captain in the Upper Saluda Regiment of the provincial militia. In 1775 a majority of the South Carolina backcounty settlers were loyal to the crown and were forcibly subdued by the Revolutionary forces under Charleston leadership. The regiment was mustered by the commanding officer in 1775, Colonel Thomas Fletchall of Fair Forest, for the purpose of determining the regiment's loyalty which unanimously supported the crown. None other than David Fanning, who later became a noted loyalist leader and led the Tories at Lindley's Mill in N.C., was a sergeant in Captain Lindley's company. In Fanning's Narrative, recorded in the North Carolina State records, he writes, "the first day Of May, [1775], Capt James Lindley of Rabern's Creek, sent to me as I was a Sergeant of the said company, to have his company warned to meet at his house 15 of said month. I did accordingly, and presented two papers; there were 118 men signed in favour of the King, also declared to defend the same, at the risk of lives and property, in July 1775." [Author cites Narrative of COL'O DAVID FANNING Written by Himself, Detailing Astonishing Events in No.Ca. From 1775-1783, North Carolina State Records, Vol. XXII Miscellaneous, pp. 180-239.]

In November, civil strife began between the Whigs and Loyalists. Major Joseph Robinson,now commander of the Upper Saluda regiment defeated a Whig force force at Ninety-six on November 19-20 of 1775. A fort known as Lindley's fort, which the property was taken over by the Patriots in 1775 was used as a stronghold against Indian and Tory attacks.The Whig Militia with help from the North Carolina Militia cornered the heavily outnumbered Loyalists under Patrick Cunningham at the Great Cane Brake on December 22. Captain Lindley was among 130 Tory prisoners captured at this skirmish and sent to Charleston where they were soon released.

On July 15 1776 a Loyalist-Cherokee party attacked Lindley's Fort in which the inhabitants along the Saluda and Rabun had taken refuge About 88 Indians and 102 white men painted and dressed as Indians made the attack. Major Jonathan Downs with about 150 men arrived the night before and and drove off the attackers. It is not known whether Lindley was there. After several hours they withdrew. James Lindley remained an active loyalist until his capture at The Battle of Kettle Creek. A letter from Governor John Rutledge dated Aug 30 1777 refers to Lindley participating in a raid and escaping capture.

Colonel John Boyd marched into the Georgia backcountry early in 1779 with a group of 600 loyalists to cooperate with the British invasion there. On 14 February 1779 at Kettle Creek in Wilkes County, Georgia, they were surprised and defeated by the Whigs commanded by Colonels Andrew Pickens, John Dooley and Elijah Clarke. James Lindley, John Anderson, Aquilla Hall, Samuel Clegg and Charles Draper were five, among those captured, who were fined 86.4.0 each and sentenced to hang. Also tried at a a special court held February 22 1779 were others, including George Hollingsworth and William Lindley, probably the son of James. Also the names of William Cunningham (Bloody Bill) and James Cunningham, all probably neighbors of Lindley. The Sheriff
of Ninety-Sixth District compiled a list as part of his claim for money owed to him by S.C. State Government Audited Accounts # 5335.

21. Occupation: Soldier.

22. Appearance in Document, 15 Mar 1780. 1061 James Lindley is named in the will of his father, Thomas Lindley, who mentions Thomas Lindley, son of James Lindley, Sr., dec'd (will dated 15 March 1780).

23. Probate, 12 Jan 1790, Laurens County, Ninety-Six District, South Carolina, United States. 1061 In Laurens County, South Carolins Wills, p. 3, Will A Estate Records, p. 16-17: An account of the appraisement of the estate of Jas. Lindley, dec. 200 acres at 60 lbs., 100 acres at 30 lbs. Jas. Abercrombie, George Hollingsworth, Thos. Cunningham, sold 12 Jan 1790. Thomas Lindley.

24. Probate, Feb 1801, South Carolina, United States. 1061 P. 28-33 Feb 1801 Administration of estate of James Lindley, dec. List of debts for Dec 1777, & Jan. 1778. Joesph Briton, proven before John Rodgers 1795 Thos Lindley, Adm. (The S.C.Archives have informed [the author of this source] that the above documents are not extant.)

25. Story. 1399 Early in 1768 James and Mary moved to S. Carolina, settling on Raeburn's Creek near the junction of the Saluda and Reedy rivers in the Ninety-Six district. He acquired 200 acres that year and another 200 acres in 1773. On 2 Dec 1768 he was commissioned a Crown justice of the peace for Granville County, and until the Revolution he held Crown commissions for Craven County, Ninety-Six District, and Cheraw District. The South Carolina General Assembly appointed him a justice for Ninety-Six District in 1776. Considering his Loyalist sympathies, it is unlikely that he served the Revolutionary government. James was a captain in the Upper Saluda Regiment of the provincial militia. David Fanning, who later became a noted Loyalist commander, was a sergeant in Captain Lindley's company. At the Great Cane Break, on 22 Dec 1775, James was among 130 Loyalists captured by a Whig force. He was sent to Charles Town, and was released in an effort an reconciliation between Whigs and Loyalists. By the summer of 1776 the British were encouraging the Cherokee to raid the frontier. On 15 July 1776 a Loyalist-Cherokee party attacked Lindley's Fort on Raeburn's Creek, presumably the home of James Lindley, but it is not known if James participated in the battle. Early in 1779 South Carolina Loyalists mustered under a Colonel Boyd and marched into the Georgia backcountry to cooperate with the British invasion. At Kettle Creek in Wilkes County on 14 Feb 1779, the Loyalists were surprised and defeated by Whigs commanded by Colonels Andrew Pickens, John Dooley, and Elijah Clarke. James was among the prisoners taken to the Ninety-Six jail. He and four other Loyalist leaders were tried, convicted, and hanged for treason in late April 1779. James and Mary had at least 3 children, including sons Jonathan, William, and Thomas. (several sources cited).

26. Story. 1061 The Lauren's county Historical Society did erect a marker at the site of Lindleys Fort which is located on a knoll one and 1/2 miles northeast of the junction of Dirty Creek and Rabun creek, but it was either vandalized or blown away. An article dated December 4, 1978 in the Laurens County Advertiser stated that it had been added to the national Register of Historic Places and a permanent marker was to be placed; the site now is part of a cattle ranch. Submitted [to author] by Mary Lee Barnes 6525 Deane Hill Dr #20 Knoxville, Tn. 37919. [Author cites Dan Branyon, The Laurens County Advertizer, December 4, 1972, "Fort Lindley, One of County's Least Known about Landmarks."]

27. Story. 1061 The End Notes and References for the discussion of James Lindley within this source includes the following, which would be more direct sources than this source:
1. Lindley Butler, "James Lindley," article from Laurens County Library, Laurens Co., S.C.
2. Revolutionary Pension of Rebecca Smith in Walton County, Ga. and affadavits accompanying it. (Courtesy of Bernice Spier, descendant)
3. Laurens County Deed and Will Records
4. Dan Branyon, The Laurens County Advertizer, December 4, 1972, "Fort Lindley, One of County's Least Known about Landmarks."
5. McCall, The History of Georgia, p. 399.
6. Robert S.Davis, p. 206, Georgia Citizens and Soldiers of the American Revolution.
7. Reverend Silas E. Lucas, Some South Carolina County Records, Vol. 2, P. 201, 1989
8. Mary Bondurant, Citizens & Immigrants, p. 219, 227, 207.
9. Letter from Robert Lindley, descendant of Thomas Lindley,(James, Thomas )
10. Narrative of COL'O DAVID FANNING Written by Himself, Detailing Astonishing Events in No.Ca. From 1775-1783, North Carolina State Records, Vol. XXII Miscellaneous, pp. 180-239.
11. Brent H. Holcomb, South Carolina Deed Abstracts 1773-1778, p.34, SCMAR South Carolina, 1993
12. Unfinished letter addressed to Mr. Goss, writer unknown, sent by Bernice Spier, Ft. Walton Beach, Florida.
13. Will of William Cox,1766.Orange County,N. C.
14. Eli Whaley of Walton County Georgia Family History and Related Families of Grace, Smith, Lindley, and Cox. By Mary Lee Barnes

28. Story. Lindley's Fort (from The Laurens County Advertiser December 4, 1979) Revolutionary War Outpost………... Fort One of County's least -known -about landmarks By Dan Branyon. One of Laurens County's oldest yet least known about landmarks has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places, located west of Laurens near Rabun Creek, was a Revolutionary War period outpost. Notification of its listing was given by the Department of the Interior last month to the South Carolina Department of Archives and history the register program in the state. Following the Revolutionary War, the fort fell into ruins and its location was forgotten for almost a century. Then in the fall of 1973, Hickory Tavern businesssman and historian Roy Christie was reading a periodical which mentioned a Lindley's Fort located in Laurens County. The article aroused Christie's curiosity and he set out to find the site. His search took him to Sara Nash, a retired history teacher who had a tattered old Laurens County (Kyzer-Helliams map) "was a sort of like a Chamber of Commerce thing, he noted It featured the minerals in the ground, the -----, the rivers, the type of things needed to draw industries and mills into the area". Christi continued his search , returning to the Nash home time and time again to re-examine the map for identifiable points. He questioned the longtime residents of the area but had a hard time finding anyone who knew anything of the Fort (sentence blurred) believed to be the location in early 1975, the history buff found someone who could verify his finding He met J.W. Tinsley who in his boyhood had lived nearby and played at the site. Now in his 80's , Tinsley recalled finding old coins and artifacts as he played there with friends. Richard Carrillo , an archaeologist from the University of South Carolina was then called in to inspect the site. He analyzed the documentary availabe and also visited the site. The archaeologist agreed with Christie, the location of Lindley's Fort was not longer a mystery. According to Christie, "the fort was one of a number of fortified-type plantation homes in the area. "A whole string of boundary forts ran in Greenville County," he explained. In those days, the Laurens County-Greenville county line served as border between the settlers and Cherokee Indian Nation. Whenever there was an Indian uprising, settlers would leave their home and take shelter in the fort". When was the fort built / Christie said records from 1776 refer to it as an "old fort: therefore , It likely it served as place of Defense in the colonial times that preceded the Revolution. It was probably built to meet the needs such as that of Feb. 8, 1761 , when it was reported that 27 persons on Rabun Creek had been killed in an Indian uprising. The property of Lindley, a Loyalist, the fort was taken over by the Patriots in 1775 for use as a defensive stronghold against Tory and Indian attack. One year later , it was to the site of a famous battle. In July of 1776 , an Indian attack was expected and the inhabitants along the Saluda river and Rabun Creek took refuge in the fortress. About 1 A. M. on July 15, they were stormed by 88 Indians and 102 white men, many of whom were painted and dressed as Indians. T What the attackers did not know was that Major Jonathan Downs, along with 150 men , had arrived at the fort the previous evening. A fierce battle ensued, but the fire of rifles and musketry proved too much for the aggressors. By daylight was .[sentence omitted in copy.] the garrison immediately pursued and captured 12 of the white attackers. They were transported to Ninety Six for imprisonment. Today the fort site if part of a cattle ranch owned by Raymond Williams of Mountville. Located on a knoll one and one half miles northeast of Dirty Creek and Rabun Creek, the site looks a lot different than it did 200 years ago. A slight indentation around the top of the knoll marks where the trench in the which the stakes for the stockade were placed upright. Piles of stone in the area mark where the fort's corners once stood. The archaeologist who inspected the finding discovered a hole in the ground which either a root cellar or a powder magazine. And three evenly spaced stones there could mark the graves of three Cherokee chiefs killed in the skirmish. Christie said there are no plans to reconstruct the Fort at the time. The Laurens County Historical Society did erect a marker there in 1976, but either the wind or vandals did away with it, since Lindley's Fort has been added to the National Register, a permanent marker will be erected soon. (found at a website on Lindley/Smith families in 1998, unknown url)


picture

James married Mary COX, daughter of William COX and Katherine KENBE, in Sep 1753 in Orange County, North Carolina, United States. (Mary COX was born about 1719 in New Castle County, Delaware, United States.)

bullet  Noted events in their marriage were:

1. Marriage Notice: Kennett, Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States. 1061 James Lindley, son of Thomas Lindley, (son of James Lindley and Eleanor Parke) and Ruth Hadley married Mary Cox in Kennett, Chester County, Pennsylvania. [Note that the author of this source later says that he does not have proof for the location of the marriage, and that other sources report that they were married in Orange Co, NC. He also notes that there is a record of Mary's father William Cox being in NC by Sept 1753.]

2. Marriage Notice, 5 May 1753. 1061 James Lindley married in 5-5-1753 Mary Cox, the daughter of William Cox of Cox's Mill and Catherine Kanky/Kenky of the present Randolph County, N.C.

3. Marriage Notice, 1754. 1399 James Lindley married Mary Cox, daughter of William Cox of Cox's Mill in present Randolph County, in 1754.

4. Appearance in Document: Quaker Minutes, 5 Oct 1754, Cane Creek Mtg, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. 391 Mary Lindley [maybe this one] disowned for marrying out of unity.




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