PYLE, John, Colonel


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PYLE, John, Colonel 1190,1191

  • Born: 8 Apr 1726 1191
  • Marriage: BALDWIN, Sarah in 1744 in New Castle County On Delaware, Pennsylvania Colony
  • Died: 1 Jan 1804, Chatham County, North Carolina, United States 1191
  • Buried: Bethel United Methodist Church Cemetery, Alamance County, North Carolina, United States 1191

bullet  Death Notes:

Col. John Pyle died in Chatham Co. NC in 1804. (posted on Rootsweb by Margaret Lindly ( on 19 June 2002)


bullet  Noted events in his life were:

1. Property, 1756, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. 1192 A few rods beyond Lindley's Mill, Cane Creek separated the land owned by Thomas Lindley from that acquired by Dr John Pyle. He, his wife Sarah Baldwin Pyle, and their children are believed to have established their home there before 1756, though the deed to their land was not acquired until a few years later. John and Sarah were from Quaker families in Concord MM, PA, although they did not become affiliated with any Friends Mtg in NC.

2. Property, 1 Mar 1759, Orange County, North Carolina Colony. 1190 John Piles [maybe this one] granted 243 acres in Orange County in the Parish of St Matthew on the S Branch of Cane Creek and on both sides of the Road from Cane Creek to Cape Fear.

3. Story. 1193 Col John Pyle was a Loyalist commander during the Revolutionary War. In a battle fought on Holt's Farm, a few miles southwest of Graham, Loyalist forces of about 300 men commanded by Col Pyle were marching from Pyle's home near Lindley's Mill to join the British at Hillsborough. They met a Whig cavalry unit commanded by Col Henry Lee. The similarity of Lee's uniforms to those of the British cavalry allowed the Whig's to take the Loyalists by surprise. Approximately one-third of the Loyalists were killed, and most of the remaining 200 received wounds. This was known as "Pyles Hacking Match" or "Pyles Massacre". Col Pyle and his son Captain John Pyle Jr were both seriously wounded.

4. Story. 1194 Dr. John Pyle was a loyalist. He was a Chatham County physician living near the border of present Alamance County. Pyle responded positively to the royal governor's call to defense against the revolutionaries in 1776. Following the loyalist defeat at Moore's Creek Bridge, Pyle was subdued to inactivity as the new state government became established. By late February 1781, however, Cornwallis was in Hillsborough raising the royal standard and calling for loyal subjects to join his forces. Pyle responded by raising three or four hundred loyalists between Haw and Deep rivers in present day Alamance and Chatham counties. Then Banastre Tarleton was sent with a small body of cavalry and infantry to escort Pyle through the predominantly Whig [revolutionary] area between Deep River and Hillsborough. Also in the area were Henry Lee's cavalry and militia commanded by Andrew Pickens which General Nathaniel Greene had sent to harass British forces venturing out from Hillsborough. The stage was set for what became known as "Pyle's Massacre" or the "hacking match". Lee and Pickens' objective was Tarleton's dragoons and regulars, the loss of which would be a severe blow to Cornwallis. Pursuing Tarleton along the Hillsborough-Salisbury road, the Whig forces were only a few miles from the British when they met two of John Pyle's men. The loyalists tragically mistook Lee's Legion, clad in short green jackets and plumed helmets, for Tarleton's dragoons who wore similar attire. Lee, finding the loyalists completely deceived -- even mistaking him for Tarleton -- sent one of them back to Pyle "with Lieutenant-Colonel Tarleton's gratulations, and his request that he would be so good as to draw out on the margin of the road, so as to give convenient room for his fatigued troops to pass without delay to their night position." Within minutes Lee's Legion -- their swords drawn in salute -- were trotting along the line of the loyalists who had obligingly moved off the narrow road. Lee passed along the line at the head of his column until "at length he reached Colonel Pyle, where the customary civilities were promptly interchanged." As Lee grasped Pyle's hand the sounds of battle at the end of the column prevented further theatrics. There were varying accounts of how the fighting began. The Tories [Loyalists] were taken by surprise and no match for Lee's cavalry in close combat. Within minutes over ninety of Pyle's men lay dead along the road. Others including Pyle were badly wounded. The survivors fled into the woods and prisoners were killed by the victorious revolutionaries with a spirit of vengeance which had come to typify the internecine war in the Piedmont. Lee and Pickens suffered only one casualty -- a horse. Pyle's defeat, although only a little skirmish, had far-reaching implications. Cornwallis was depending upon loyalists to provide food for his army and loyal militia to augment his forces. Pyle's massacre and Tarleton's mistaken slaughter of a smaller party of loyalists on Deep River a few days later were the death blows to active loyalist allegience in the Piedmont.

5. Story. 1195 Dr John Pyle lived a quarter mile south of Lindley's Mill. He assisted in the care of the wounded of both armies [after the battle of Lindley's Mill] and surrendered to a Whig militia officer who returned to the community searching for [Tory partisan David] Fanning. The loyalist physician's treatment of the wounded insured for him a pardon from the Revolutionary government.


John married Sarah BALDWIN in 1744 in New Castle County On Delaware, Pennsylvania Colony.

bullet  Noted events in their marriage were:

1. Marriage Notice, 1744, New Castle County On Delaware, Pennsylvania Colony. Col. John Pyle and Sarah Baldwin were married in New Castle Co. DE in 1744. (posted on Rootsweb by Margaret Lindly ( on 19 June 2002)

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